“Implementation of new technologies of radiation control and new technical means developed in Ukraine to eliminate the risks of proliferation of nuclear and radioactive materials“
|Use and tasks
of radiation control
|Systems and devices.
Novelty of radiation control means
|Export – import control.
Security points of nuclear fuel cycle objects and radiation dangerous objects
|System of radiation control «INTER-1М». Measurement of neutrons density in current by gamma-spectrometry.
More detailed info – INTER
|To provide the security during crowded meetings. To equip security systems of important objects.||System of remote radiation control “PULSE”. Wi-Fi data transmitting from optional and stationary detectors.
More detailed info – PULSE
|Customs, Frontier post. To equip the national security bodies, ecological and nuclear inspections. Hidden control||Dosimeter of gamma ionization with microprocessor «RITM-7»
Identification of measurement results by using Bluetooth – watch. High sensitivity of detector as to the small size and weight.
More detailed info – R7
|Export – import control.
To equip the ecological and nuclear inspections. Localization and ionization sources identification.
|Portable spectrometer – dosimeter of gamma ionization «RITM-С» – 2 in 1 – searching dosimeter and spectrometer. Remote gamma – spectrometry.
More detailed info – RS
|Mapping of radioactively contaminated territories. Gamma – survey by foot and by auto.||System of radiation mapping «RADKAR». High speed of getting Высокая скорость получения радиологической информации и автоматическая привязка её к GPS – координатам.
More detailed info -RADKAR
|To convoy the cargoes while transporting radioactively dangerous materials.||System of satellite monitoring
«RAD-GPS» Implementation of the latest knowledge in telemetric, satellite monitoring and telecommunications for non stop radiation conrol for dangerous cargoes.
More detailed info – RADGPS
|Not institutional, general (public) control to monitor he radiological situation via INTERNET||System of radiation monitoring «RADMON-1»
Using INTERNET – technologies to have information about radiological situation on the basis of low cost, simple in use detectors with auto data transmitting to the server.
More detailed info – RADMON
|Mobile means of the radiation accidents liquidation.
Remote controls of nuclear weapons.
Detection of contraband and sabotage of ionizing sources.
|The gamma-ray vision, “MULTIPLEX”.
Remote visualization, measurement of dose rate and gamma-ray spectra of lost, disguised ionizing sources, nuclear materials and charges.
More detailed info – MPX
INTER-1M Radiation Monitoring System
The radiation portal monitor “INTER-1M” is the epitome of the latest technologies to identify radiological contamination of goods and vehicles. A distinctive feature of the “Inter-1M” is the presence of the spectrometric channel measurement. Analysis of the gamma-ray spectrum allows for the identification of detected radionuclides and implement a highly sensitive detection algorithm radiation hazardous and nuclear materials. Functional capabilities and specifications radiation monitoring system “INTER-1M” consistent with the recommendations of the IAEA IAEA-TECDOC-1312 / R and US standard ANSI N42.38-2006.
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Remote radiation monitoring system
The PULSE System is designed to collect real-time information about the radiation environment from arbitrary monitoring points or from mobile objects over a Bluetooth channel. The system includes:
Transmitters “PULSE-1” (1 – 7 items) continuously transmitting data over a Bluetooth channel;
A computer (laptop or net book) receiving the data via the Bluetooth channel from all monitoring points within 100 metres; Software for continuous monitoring of all the transmitters, detection of disturbances and generation of sound alerts.
Each component of the system has independent power supply, which allows a rapid deployment of a monitoring network. The Bluetooth transceiver has the operating range of 100 m (Class1). Using directional antennas can extend the reception range up to 1,900 m.
The computer collects data from each transmitter separately and plots background and disturbance graphs for each. Additionally, all transmitters are monitored for the temperature, battery voltage, radio reception quality, acceleration. Security mode can be enabled if necessary, in which case any attempt to carry away the transmitter will trigger off the alarm.
All the collected data are archived. Additionally, if a surveillance cam is connected to the system, any motion detected in the monitored area will be automatically recorded and added to the archive with time stamps, which will simplify subsequent investigation and amplify evidence, allowing to identify the object that caused the disturbance.
Gamma sensitivity, MeV: 0.05 – 3
Sensitivity: 800 cps/µSv·h-1 ( Cs-137)
Dose Equivalent Rate (DER) Range, µSv·h-1: 10-2 – 103
Radiation Detector – NaI: diam.30´70 mm
Operating temperature range, °C: -30 – +50
Time to Alarm: 1 – 3 s
Continuous working time: 50 h
Low battery cut-off
Overall dimensions: 163´56´44 mm
Weight: 500 g
Microprocessor-based Gamma Survey Meter «RHYTHM-7»
The survey meter «Rhythm-7» is a new product in the line of Rhythm dosimeters that have gained general recognition as highly sensitive and responsive search devices. Despite the small overall size and weight (225g), the device’s sensitivity чувствительность 200 (impulses per second)/(µSv per hour), which is 50 – 100 times higher than that of a Geiger-Müller counter. The high sensitivity and response are achieved due to the use of a 10cm3 CsI(Tl) scintillator and a 10x10mm photodiode. The microcode enables a prompt detection of radioactive sources (fractions of a second). The statistical error of measurements is automatically reduced as the data are accumulated.
Results of the detection and processing are delivered to an external Bluetooth indicator. The survey meter «Rhythm-7» comes with various devices like Bluetooth hands-free kits and Bluetooth headsets for improved convenience and higher efficiency of use. During covert surveillance, а Bluetooth watch may come in handy, as it has a digital OLED display and call vibration.
It is worth mentioning here that the microprocessor-based survey meter «Rhythm-7» transmits data to the computer through a Bluetooth channel. «Rhythm-7» has a class 1 Bluetooth module (distance 100m). Data transmitted: the power of gamma radiation, the temperature inside the dosimeter, the battery voltage and acceleration. The last parameter is very important when the security mode is enabled in order to prevent stealing the device. Up to 7 survey meters can be connected to one computer and placed at stationary points or on mobile objects within 100m. The computer software collects data from all the meters, reflects them as graphs and saves into an archive. In other words, a radiation monitoring network can thus be deployed quickly.
The survey meter «Rhythm-7» in conjunction with external Bluetooth indicators or a PC is a ready-made solution for remote measuring.
Microprocessor-based Survey Meter «Rhythm-7» is easy to operate – all adaptation functions, setting of thresholds for alerts and measurements are automated. When connected to a PC, it is possible to transfer the historical data and adjust the microcode parameters, should the customer have special requirements.
The microcode software’s functions are as follows:
- Receiving data from the gamma radiation detector and other transducers
- Mathematical data processing and disturbance identification every 0.25 sec
- Transmitting disturbance alerts to the internal and external vibration indicators
- Higher pitch sound alert to indicate approach to a radiation source
- Adaptation to the changing background
- Monitoring the Bluetooth connection and reconnecting (in case of disconnection)
- Transmitting measurement results to the Bluetooth indicator
- Monitoring the battery state
- Forming data packages and sending them to the PC
Sensitivity, min.: 200 sec-1/µSv/h (for Cs137)
Working range of equivalent dose rate: 0.01 – 100 µSv/h.
Maximum permissible error for
gamma-exposure rate measurement: 15%
Working range of gamma-ray energies: 0.05 – 3 MeV.
Operation readiness time: 15 sec
Disturbance response time: 0.25 – 3 sec
Detector material: CsI (10cm3)
Dosimeter anisotropy, max.: 30%
Bluetooth transceiver’s class: Class1 (operating range is 100m)
Transmitter output power: +20dBm
Continuous work time with the
built-in battery, min.: 80h
Dosimeter weight: 225g;
Overall size: 120 x 62 x 25mm;
The survey meter is powered by a rechargeable lithium battery inside the device body, by a power supply unit connected to a 220V AC network or through a USB port with the permissible load current of at least 0.5A.
The survey meter retains its specifications within the ambient temperature range from ‑30°C to +45°C.
PORTABLE GAMMA-RAY SPECTROMETER / DOSIMETER «RHYTHM-S»
– registration of gamma-ray spectra and identification of radionuclides;
– measuring radionuclide activity in building materials, mineral raw materials, waste products, food stuff and other materials in the Marinelli geometry (without transferring to a laboratory);
– quick measuring of radionuclide activity in the 2π geometry (without sampling);
– remote measuring.
As a dosimeter, the device is designed for:
– detection of gamma-ray sources and radiation-contaminated materials;
– monitoring of transport vehicles crossing national borders;
– monitoring of radioactive contamination in scrap metal;
– measuring gamma-exposure rate in the field and in production environment.
gamma survey meter «Rhythm-1M»; spectrometric transducer; Bluetooth data transmitting module; notebook (or netbook); Bluetooth USB module; specialised software; power-supply and battery-charge units; miniature headphone; instruction manual. Each component of the gamma-ray spectrometer/dosimeter «RHYTHM-S» has independent power supply.
- Relative energy resolution for 0.662 MeV 137Cs gamma-ray line, 7.0 % to 7.5 %.
- Working range of gamma-ray energies: 05 – 3 MeV.
- Working range of equivalent gamma-ray dose rate: 0.01 – 19990 µSv/h.
- Limits of basic relative error: ± 15%.
- Energy dependence: ± 20%.
- Sensitivity: 800 s-1/µSv/h (for Cs-137)
- Adjustable measuring time: 5, 1, 2, 10, 50 sec.
- Detector material: NaI(Tl) ø40×40
- Hermetic design of the detector block.
- Sound alerts with changing modulation.
- The dosimeter is vibration and shock resistant. Max. peak acceleration: 150 m/s2
- Operating temperature range: -30°C – +50°C
Dosimeter «Rhythm-1M» DBG-02 has passed the Government Acceptance Test
Portable gamma-ray spectrometer / dosimeter «RHYTHM-S» is meteorologically certified
The spectrometer «Rhythm-S» equipped with a Bluetooth module for transmitting data over a distance of up to 100m, i.e. the computer is connected with the point of measuring wirelessly, which allows to be located at a greater distance from dangerous sources of radiation thus reducing the dose received.
Within a single box, you will get a spectrometer, a survey meter and a remote radiation monitoring system.
Radiation mapping system
The system is designed for gathering information about the level of terrain gamma radiation and automatically mapping it during vehicular or pedestrian gamma survey.
The system includes:
A dosimeter «Pulse-D» continuously transmitting data over a Bluetooth channel; a laptop or netbook receiving the data from monitoring points within 200 metres; a GPS navigation device; software. Each component of the system has an independent power supply, which allows to quickly carry out a gamma survey. The mapping software visualises the operation: tracks are mapped as lines the colour whereof depends on the exposure rate measurement in that point. In any point of the track, a “flag” can be set specifying the exposure rate measurement and the name of the point. Parameters monitored during the operation include: temperature, battery voltage, radio reception quality, acceleration. All gamma survey results are saved into an archive and are available at any time.
Installing the radiation mapping system «RADKAR» on reconnaissance robots can be highly advantageous in estimating the significance of a radiation accident and liquidation thereof. Installing «RADKAR» on radio-controlled vehicles (terrestrial or waterborne) allows to carry out mapping of contaminated terrains, minimising the radiation injury fir the personnel.
Technical specifications of the dosimeter «Pulse-D»
Susceptibility range to gamma radiation: 0.05 – 3.0 MeV
Sensitivity: 800 s-1/µSv/h (for Cs-137)
Working range of equivalent dose rate: 10-2 – 103µSv/h;
Maximum permissible measurement error: ±15%
Detector material: NaI: diam.30(70 mm
Operating temperature range: –30°C to +50°C
Continuous work time in standby mode
with the built-in batteries: 50h;
Low battery cut-off;
Overall size, max.: 163(56(44mm.
Weight, max.: 500g.
The test results of the new satellite monitoring system
for safety during transport
radiation hazardous and nuclear materials
In accordance with the “Guidelines for nuclear security related to the physical protection of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities» (INFCIRC / 225 / REVISION 5 Series IAEA nuclear security, № 13) “Transport Control Center must be fitted with equipment that provides continuous monitoring of the location of the vehicle and the state of his physical safety, as well as communication with the vehicle …”
The technology of satellite monitoring of transport is widely used throughout the world, in particular, to control traffic. In some countries, mandatory GPS Tracking Transport of Dangerous Goods enshrined in law.
The development of transport telematics technology allows, in addition to traditional data on the rate and location, transmit a lot of useful information about the status of all systems of the vehicle (acceleration, position in space, fuel level, engine temperature, etc.). Integration of radiation monitoring systems of production in modern telematics systems for the continuous monitoring of ionizing radiation at the control points on board the vehicle. All the resulting information is sent to the server of the central control and monitoring systems in online, stored in the archive, and serves as the basis for an immediate response or further analysis. Software of telematics system generates reports on transportation in both numerical and graphical form.
The prototype system «RAD-GPS» consists of a detector of gamma and beta radiation, the primary circuit conversion, high-voltage power supply, telematics GPS-controller, GSM-antenna and external GPS-antenna. The measurement data from the detecting unit to the input GPS-controller and processed together with other telemetry data and the navigation server is transmitted to the monitoring system via GPRS.
Below is a fragment of a map with the results of the first tests of the system «RAD-GPS».
To test the scenario of lost ionizing source was done on the streets of Kiev, Ukraine
Detection of gamma and beta radiation was placed on board the vehicle at a certain distance from the reference source Ra-226, whereby the count rate of 30 pcs. / sec. With a slight shift of the reference source with respect to the detector, the counting rate changes (increased to 40 pcs /sec). The fact that changes the count rate of the detector is automatically processed by the system and the center of the transport control notification. At the time 9:10:51 source “was lost” (distant from the detector). Place on the map where it happened, marked and at this point the track changes color (from red to blue). Notification in the form of SMS messages, emails, and other alarms in the center of the transport control and can come in a number of other events: deviation from the route, emergency stop, fault, alarm buttons and others. In addition, the system allows you to maintain voice and video surveillance.
Data from the telematics controller can come in encrypted form. The communication channels can be used by GSM, GPRS, 3G, or special satellite channels. Access to data from the Center of vehicle control closes with a password.
The test results of the new system of satellite monitoring of transport of radiation hazardous and nuclear materials «RAD-GPS» confirmed the high efficiency of modern technology and software to create new means of radiation control.
Radiation monitoring system “RADMON-1” – the embodiment of a new technology for decentralized radiation monitoring.
Automated Radiation Monitoring System (ARMS) are used mainly for radiation hazardous objects and represent complex hardware and software systems, which include a number of sensors (stations) that transmit data to a central location. These systems are expensive and require constant maintenance.
Development of microprocessor technology and network technologies open up entirely new opportunities for decentralized-radiation monitoring. At the turn of 2013 and 2014 by our entity was developed and tested new tools for continuous radiation monitoring with results transition for local area networks and the Internet.
Simplified algorithm of work is as the next:
- a remote detector (scintillator or Geiger-Mueller) converts gamma radiation to an electrical signal which enters the microprocessor processing unit,
- data processing unit performs processing of the measurement results and sends data to the Internet server,
- data on the radiation background displayed on an interactive world map. When you click on a marker to current indications of MeV appears below the map chart of gathered data.
- view the data on the site http://opyt.com.ua can anyone who has access to the Internet.
From the user system is not required any servers or constantly-working computers! You only need to connect to the Internet. If there is no wired Internet, you can use the 3G or GPRS. All equipment is fully automatic – after the accumulating data on gamma-ray background and transmits them to the Internet. When disconnection or power-cycle power operation is restored without operator intervention.
Structurally, the device radiation monitoring “RADMON-1” consists of remote detection unit with microprocessor and power supply – (PoE adapter). The detection unit has ingress protection IP67 (to put it simply, sealed) and is set at the control of radiation background just under the open sky. Its range of operating temperatures – from minus 30 ° C to 50 ° C plus. PoE adapter is installed in the room and connect to the Internet and a network of 220 V. All the product small-sized and weighs less than 1 kg.
GAMMA-VISION SYSTEM “MULTIPLEX”
Gamma-vision system “Multiplex” is the newest sample of the special class of the radiation control equipment. As against dosimeters, radiometers and spectrometers “Multiplex” enables to see a picture of a radiation conditions of territory imposed to its television image on the computer screen. Thus radiating objects – both dot and extended – are allocated, the surface output from of separate objects is estimated remotely, spectra of their radiation are registered. The opportunity of remote measurement of the radiating and spectral characteristics of any site of a radiating surface of controllable territory is unique property of gamma-vision system. Moreover, all these opportunities are realized even in the event that the sources of radiation are behind a massive protection. Absence of influence of scattered gamma-radiation on results of measurements of observed sources spectra are provided by coding of a useful signal with the subsequent decoding and noise damping. The last property is very useful in a complex radiation conditions.
Areas of application:
– Monitoring of territory of dangerous radiation objects;
– Introscopic control of the state radioactive waste storehouses, containers of the ionizing radiation sources;
– Detection and remote identification of sources of gamma-radiation in emergencies;
– Detection lost, latent, disguised sources, including sources being for a massive barrier, under ground or in containers;
The “Multiplex” is realized in small-sized portable performance. In a transport situation all system is placed in two cases: in one – register with the telechamber, in other – electronic block with the computer Notebook. In a working situation the register is established on tripod with the orienting device, and the operator works with the computer, by opening the cover of the second case.
The angular resolution – 2° and 4° (two variants).
Field of view: in the first variant – 26° х 34°,
in the second variant – 40° х 60°.
Dimension of the gamma-field image from 20 х 20 up to 100 х 100.
Energy range 0,1… 2 MeV.
Sensitivity on gamma-radiation 137Cs – 0,8 см-2с-1 at time of an exposition 1 min.
Dimensions of the register – 500 х 220 х 170.
Time of an exposition in a mode “Review” – 1 …5 s.
Distance of observation and measurement – 1 …200 m.
Weight of the register – 5 kg.
Weight case with electronic blocks – 8 kg.
The power supply of system in stationary conditions – from a net 220 V 50 Hz, in field conditions – from onboard net of the automobile 12V. Power – 60 W.
The gamma-vision system “Multiplex” represents the device of the fifth generation of the equipment, developed and made by Scientific Production Small Joint Enterprise “Opyt “. At development the patents for the inventions “Gamma – telescope” and “Gamma – microscope”, belonging to SPSJE “Opyt” were used. Within the framework of this work new algorithms of digital processing of the spectral and spatial information are realized.
Results of testes:
The picture of a radiation conditions together with a television picture is saved on magnetic carriers and can be subsequently documentary. New opportunities of gamma-vision have allowed to receive unique experimental data at remote researches of inaccessible radiation objects.
This system has been tested at Chernobyl’s 10 km area. Estimation of the system was conducted in Great Britain. At a technical account British experts described the system this way: “The device Multiplex, from OPYT, has many advantages. These are its small size and high degree of portability, its ability to form images of hotspots in near real time and its use as a spectrometer. The device has the unique ability to collect spectral data from a user-definable region within the field of view. It is unknown how this is achieved and probably reflects some of the most advanced work in the field of gamma imaging.”
Place of radioactive waste disposal – “Buriakovka.” Here is a technique that had been used in the liquidation of the Chernobyl accident. It is considered that it is not subjected to deactivation, as far as were recorded in the vicinity high levels of radiation. The gamma-ray vision “Multiplex” has been installed at a distance of 9 meters from the abandoned car. Within 5 minutes of measurements we found out that not all machine is contaminated, but only the spaces between the wheels, where radioactive soil gathered. On the combined photo and film distribution of gamma rays is indicated in the color scale. Furthermore, activity of the soil is measured remotely and is obtained its gamma radiation spectrum. Radionuclide was automatically identified. It was Cs-137.